In order to begin a detailed look into quoting and estimating I'm going to start by giving some definitions.
Setup time is the time it takes to make the first accepted piece which includes bringing all the tools, jigs and fixtures, setup those jigs and fixtures for a particular batch quantity. Operation run time or cycle time, is the time spent to complete each unit through the machine.
Setup time can be simple or complex and it really depends on the process being performed. Setup time is usually independent of the actual run time because once a machine is setup it can be continually run without setting the machine up a second time. Setup time can actually be broken down into a few categories.
The time required to gather materials, dies or any other equipment required to get the machine running. Staging can potentially be performed during the running of another job through the machine because it may not actually require the machine to be available. A simple definition is time spent on a machine or process prior to a manufacturing run.
The time required to bring this production batch quantity to an actionable state.
Transit time is the time to move a particular batch quantity to another step in the process.
Tear Down Time
The time required to remove all the equipment that was required to be setup on the machine making it ready for the next process. A job may continue to the next operation during the tear down time because this time does not affect the actual job, only the machine. A simple definition is the time to take down a machine or process after a manufacturing run.
Quoting and ERP packages should provide the capability for these setup time variations in order to allow your estimating , costing and even scheduling to be as accurate as possible.